Top 6 things to do in Honduras from scuba diving to exploring Mayan ruins

Roatan,Honduras,
Honduras is world-renowned for its snorkeling and scuba diving © Image Source / Getty Images

Beyond the beach resorts, glass-bottom-boat tours and canopy adventure parks lies the true Honduras.

The country’s mighty rivers, lush mountains, Mayan archaeological sites and Mesoamerican Barrier Reef beckon adventurous travelers worldwide. Honduras is a popular port of call for large cruise ships, and passengers often squeeze a handful of activities into an eight-hour window. Yet if you can, we recommend visiting Honduras on your own and take the time to experience all this wonderful Central American country has to offer. 

Here’s our guide to the top things to do in Honduras. 


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Head under the sea with (or without) an air tank

Many consider Honduras one of the world’s best snorkeling and scuba diving destinations. One of the country’s three principal Bay Islands, Roatán has many spectacular dive sites within Roatán Marine Park, designated waters in which coral and sea life are protected. 

On an excursion with a dive shop like West Bay Divers, it’s not uncommon to spot sea turtles, eagle rays or plenty of tropical fish. If you’re lucky, you may even encounter the elusive whale shark. 

However, Roatán isn’t the only premier spot for diving in Honduras. The other two Bay Islands, Guanaja and Utila, along with the smaller Cayos Cochinos archipelago, also boast some of the best scuba dive sites in the world. 

Utila is internationally known as a dive destination, both for its marine life and youth culture. At this enclave, backpackers seek to become certified PADI divemasters at dive hostels like Alton’s Dive Center.  

Get wet on the Rio Cangrejal 

The zip-line canopy tours at Gumbalimba Park in Roatán can give you thrills. But if you want to go on a truly immersive adventure, head to the El Naranjo region of the Cangrejal River valley on the mainland, about 10km (6 miles) from the city center of La Ceiba

Here, you can take a wild whitewater rafting ride on the Rio Cangrejal through Class III–V rapids that churn from the boulders rising up from the river bed.

Long-running operation La Moskitia Ecoaventuras offers rafting excursions with experienced guides to navigate the course. Trips can also be organized through the Jungle River Lodge.

Another freshwater adventure is canyoning with the guides at Las Cascadas Lodge, who’ll lead you on a jungle hike up the river gorge to rappel down a series of waterfalls. While not for the faint of heart, the slow and meticulous 15m (50ft) descent on a rope as the force of falling water pounds your body offers a rush you won’t soon forget.

Playful-looking scarlett macaw parrot in Macaw Mountain, Copán, Honduras, Central America
The majestic scarlet macaw is the national bird of Honduras © loeskieboom / iStockphoto / Getty Images

Go for a hike and do a little bird-watching 

Bird nerds to flock to Honduras: it’s the convergence point of over 760 species of North American and South American bird species.

Bird-watching is especially promising in Honduras’ national parks, where hiking trails let you explore a bit when you’re not standing still with your eyes glued to binoculars.

But you don’t need to be an expert to get excited the wild toucans, hummingbirds and parrots you’ll spot on a rainforest hike through Pico Bonito National Park. 

Cerro Azul Meámbar and Montaña de Santa Bárbara National Parks, on opposite sides of Lake Yojoa in the western interior, are also worthy bird-watching destinations with great hiking trails. 

Seven species of motmots, along with chachalacas, flycatchers and woodcreepers, create a polyphonic soundtrack as you trek through the cloud forest to caves and waterfalls. Panacam Lodge is a good place to base yourself in the area. From here, bird experts lead hikes and inspire an appreciation of ornithology in even the most seemingly uninterested.

Whether you’re a die-hard spotter or not, Honduras’ national bird – the majestic scarlet macaw – is certain catch anyone’s eye. The chances of seeing one in the wild are high in and around the Macaw Mountain Bird Park and Nature Reserve.

Rather than a national park, it’s a rehabilitation sanctuary for macaws, parrots, toucans, cassowaries and other feathered creatures.

Each June, those graduates of the scarlet macaw rehab program deemed independent enough to survive without human intervention are released into the wild during a grand, media-blitzed ceremony.

An elaborately carved Mayan sculpture at the archaeological site of Copán, Honduras, Central America
Copán is one of the best-preserved Mayan sites in Central America © Kevin Schafer / Getty Images

Channel your inner archaeologist in Copán

You may spot some scarlet macaws in the wild around the ruins of the Archaeological Park of Copán Ruinas, the site of a once-great Mayan city dating back to 300 CE.

Since this former settlement didn’t have much gold, the Spaniards’ pillaging in the 16th century wasn’t as horrendous as at other Mayan sites across the region. Accordingly, though the site is known for its “ruins,” it stands for its high state of preservation.

Up Copán’s famous hieroglyphic stairway, the longest-known Mayan text inscription depicts the stories of five Mayan kings. The staircase gained Unesco World Heritage status in 1980, joining the roster alongside Guatemala’s Tikal.

While the remains of Copán are in good condition, the red colors that once adorned its temples have faded.

To see Copán in all its former crimson-hued glory, head to the Sculpture Museum of Copán, just across the parking lot from the main entrance. The highlight is the imposing Rosalila Temple, reconstructed to look as it did centuries ago. 

Admission to the park is L360, which doesn’t include a guide; written explanations are dotted throughout the site. Museum admission is separate from the park, at L170.

A shot of man hands as he works on handicrafts in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, Central America
Shop for crafts made by local artisans in Tegucigalpa, Honduras’ capital © Quiony Navarro / EyeEm / Getty Images

Visit the cities of Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula 

Honduras’ two biggest cities, Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula have less-than-stellar reputations when it comes to crime. Yet since they host the two principal airports in the country, a stopover may be inevitable. Consider spending more than just a night: if you keep your wits about you, you’ll actually find the pair of cities as safe as any major metropolis – and even filled with charm. 

The capital city Tegucigalpa is the country's political hub, with government buildings and remnants of its Spanish colonial past. Most of the historical places of interest are in El Centro, the district surrounding the Plaza Morazán, named after the former Central American president (1830–39) immortalized in a statue at its center.

As you stroll among local families and a handful of tourists around this square, you’ll find shops, restaurants, and the city’s Catholic Cathedral of St Michael the Archangel. 

Nearby, there’s also the Centro de la Cultura Garinagu, where you can learn about Honduras’ Afro-Indigenous Garifuna community. Several interesting museums lie in the vicinity; if you only have time for one, make it Museo para la Identidad Nacional.

Wandering around, you’ll surely find vendors selling baleadas, the Honduran delicacy of a flour tortilla filled with variations of the traditional mix of refried beans, cream and cheese. Try one.

San Pedro Sula is the country’s industrial and commercial center. Like the Hollywood sign in Los Angeles, tall letters spelling out the instantly recognizable brand Coca-Cola loom atop a towering green hill just east of the city.

From up there, you might be able to spot the other places worth checking out: Angeli Gardens, a cross between a botanical garden and an elegant restaurant; the main Cathedral of St Peter the Apostle at the Parque Central; and the Museo de Antropología e Historia, which offers exhibits on Honduras’ past.

Enjoy Honduras’ sparkling nightlife

Across the country, Hondurans bring on the own alcohol- and music-fueled party when the sun goes down. If you’re into craft beer, San Pedro Sula’s offerings include Cerveceria La20, featuring a chill taproom and outdoor beer garden; Alquimia Cervecera commands a crowd for its live music. For a night of dancing, head to Morena, an indoor/outdoor venue to eat, drink and meet young locals.

The capital city Tegucigalpa (known locally as “Tegus”) also has its share of nighttime hot spots. Head to Santé for live music that ranges from Coldplay covers to metal tribute bands. If the club vibe is more your scene, stop by the Vegas-inspired poolside DJ dance parties at Blu Bar, the rooftop venue of the Real Intercontinental Hotel.

While popular nighttime spots are spread out in the bigger cities, they’re more condensed – and therefore easy to hop between on foot – in smaller towns. La Ceiba’s nightlife is primarily in and around the waterfront area known as El Malecón, where bars are lined up next to each other. 

At its eastern end is the popular beach bar La Casa del Jugar. If you’re daring enough, order their signature yet diabolical cocktail shot, Semen del Diablo. (Yes, the translation is exactly what you think it is). 

In the Bay Islands, nightlife is concentrated on the main drags of town. In Roatán, head to West End Road, lined with one bar after the next. Sundowners and Blue Marlin are the go-to venues for live music, while pirate-themed Booty Bar has dance floors for DJ nights. 

Utila’s main (and only) drag has a similar if younger vibe. If you’re looking to party like a college student, head to party bar Tranquila (sounds like “tequila”) or to La Cueva, which has a killer karaoke night that lasts until the wee hours of the morning.

This article was first published on April 6, 2016 and updated on August 17, 2022

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